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Absolute poverty

Absolute poverty is the inability of households to reach an acceptable minimum of living conditions. The absolute poverty line is anchored in a minimum consumption basket (recommended by FAO/WHO), and includes a food and a non-food component. It is recommended to use consumption expenditure to measure absolute poverty, because high levels of own-consumption and seasonality of income payments complicate welfare measurement.

Accounts payable

Accounts payable is temporary attracted money by organizations that repayable to corresponding legal and natural persons (creditors).

Accounts receivable

Accounts receivable is a debt sum payable to organizations by legal and natural persons (debitors) that is formed as a result of economic relations between them.

Accounts receivable to the budget

includes extra paid (repayable) amounts to the budget.

Activity of insurance companies

Indicators are presented according to data submitted by the CB of RA.

Age-specific fertility rates

characterize average annual fertility level of women for each age group. Fertility rates are calculated as a ratio of number of births to women of a given age group during a calendar year to the midyear female population of a given age (by current estimates). While calculating fertility rate for age group under 20 years old, the denominator includes female at the age of 15-19 years old. While calculating fertility rate for the age group of 15-49 years old, numerator contains all births including births to women under 15 years old and at the age of 50 and over.

Agricultural lands

are the lands used to produce agricultural products. They comprise lands under permanent crops (perennial crops), arable lands, hayfields, pastures and other lands.

Allocation of primary income account

the second component of the primary distribution of income account. It shows how primary income obtained from the production activity and property is distributed among residents (institutional units or sectors).

Arable lands

are the lands used under agricultural crops, including those under perennial grass, and also fallow lands.

Arrears in purchases

Debts for procurement of raw materials,materials, goods, received services, accepted works, as well as financial assets, fixed assets and other assets.

Arrears to the budget

The balance value of accounts payable for taxes, duties and other mandatory payments to be paid, as well as for imposing penalties and fines.

Average monthly nominal wages/ salaries

per employee are calculated through dividing total labour remuneration fund, both in cash and in kind, by the average number of wage-earners, and by the number of months in the reference period.

Average price

Average price of the type of goods is calculated as a mean arithmetical (consumer price index) of prices recorded for the given type of goods. Average (weighted) price for the group of products is calculated as a sum of values on products divided by the sum of their number (producers price index).

Average size of assigned monthly pension (social benefit)

is calculated as ratio of the sum total of the monthly pensions (social benefits) of all pensioners (benefit recipients), registered in the agencies of labour and social protection, to the number of those receiving pensions.

Balance of primary incomes

characterizes incomes receivable by institutional units as a result of their participation in production or from property. It is defined as the difference between all primary incomes receivable and payable by resident units. At the level of the total economy the balance of primary incomes calculated gross, i.e. before deduction of consumption of fixed capital, is equal to Gross National Income.

Base organization

is a representative unit for observation.

Base organization In the consumer sector

an organization of trade and service sphere, where consumer prices and tariffs for services are recorded based on the formed quantity of goods (services).

Base organization In the production section

a base organization, where information on prices for the organization's produced products is collected by the statistical bodies.

Base price index

is calculated as a ratio of current price to the price of the period, which was considered as basic. Base index could be calculated by using the weights of the period, which considered as basic, as well as by multiplying the chain indices. The latter is possible to use if there were no significant structural movements over the contiguous periods.

Basic price

Basic price is the amount receivable by the producer for a unit of product excluding any taxes on products and imports, but including subsidies on products and imports.

Budget deficit

the value of expenditure exceeding over the income.

Budget expenses

Budget expenses are the funds directed to tasks and operations of state and local self -governmental bodies of financial provisions.

Budget revenues

Budget revenues are non-repayable funds of state and local self-governmental bodies in compliance with law.

Budget surplus

Budget surplus is the value of income exceeding over the expenditure.

Call deposits

Call deposits assets kept by bank and not subject to withdrawal for implementation of any transaction.

Capital account

The capital account shows the funding of gross fixed capital formation and change in inventories, including the redistribution of wealth among the sector of the economy and the rest of the world through capital transfers. The main source for financing capital transactions is saving, which is brought forward from the use of income account. The other sources of funding these transactions are capital transfers receivable less payable. The balancing item of the account is net lending (+) or net borrowing (-).

Capital assets

are the buildings, constructions, machines and equipments (working and power machines and equipments, dimension (measuring) and regulation devices and apparatus, laboratory equipments, computers), transportation means and other types of capital assets. The capital assets include also all capital assets of organizations of the state and private sectors, as well as the capital assets allocated to the physical persons by proprietary right. These assets include residental dwellings, capital assets of personal subsidiary economies of the population, as well as economic buildings of peasant farms. The indicator of capital assets exploitation includes the value of organizations, buildings and constructions with completed construction and putted into operation, as well as value of newly exploited machines, all types of transport means,equipments (installed and not installed, included and excluded from the construction estimates), cost of tools, inventary, etc. which are registered in the capital assets, cost of works on land irrigation and drainage, capital expenses on land quality improvement and other expenses related with the increase of cost of assets.

Capital transfers

Capital transfers are defined as free transfers of ownership of capital assets (other than inventories and cash) from one institutional unit to another, transfers in cash to be used by the recipient for acquisition of capital assets. Capital transfers are usually nonrecurring and considerable in value transactions connected with acquisitions or disposals of assets by participants in the transaction. They include taxes on capital, investment grants, and other capital transfers.

Change in unfinished production reserves

The difference of the residuals of unfinished production reserves between the end and the beginning of reporting period , estimated at the average realized prices.

Changes in inventories

Changes in inventories comprise changes in productive stocks of semi-finished and finished products, and products for resale. The value of changes in inventories during a given accounting period is equal to the difference between the value of inventories at the end and at the beginning of the year, measured at average market prices of the period in order to eliminate the influence of prices.

Changes in ready-made product reserves

The difference of the residuals of ready-made products reserves between the end and the beginning of reporting period , estimated at the average realized prices.


are included into middle vocational educational institutions. Colleges provide advanced middle vocational education including subjects of general and preliminary educational programmes.

Commodity stocks

calculated by days of trade turnover as of the 1st of each month is calculated as correlation of average monthly volume of commodity stocks of trade units and trade turnover volume per day of the given month.


Production and broadcasting of radio and television programs includs the activity related to radio and television programs, news, entertainment programs, debates, and other similar programs or activity related to broadcasting of finished radio and television programs, which are acquired by dissemination rights, as well as data transfer by Internet, usually when it is done in the radio and television broadcasting system. Telecommunication’s activity includes transmission of voice, data, texts, records, images and rendering of services related to them. The given services are rendered through wire, wireless and satelite telecomunication systems.

Compensation of employees

is defined as remuneration, in cash or in kind, payable to employees for work done during the accounting period. Compensation of employees is recorded on the basis of gross amounts and includes contributions to social insurance schemes, income tax deductions, and other payments, payable by employees, even if these are actually deducted by administration and paid directly to social insurance funds, tax services or any other institutions on behalf of the employees.

Composition of the convicted

means their distribution by sex, age, imposed penalties, types of committed crimes.

Consolidated budget of RA

Consolidated budget of RA consists of state budget and regional budgets (without interbudgetary transfers).

Consumer price index (CPI)

measures changes both over the time and the space in the value of actual fixed quantity of the goods purchased for population’s personal use and services. In the Republic of Armenia,for the calculation of consumer price index, monthly consumer price (tariff) monitoring is conducted according to the determined methodology in Yerevan city and 10 marzes (regions) of the republic


Convicts are persons on whom sentences have been passed and have came into legal force.

Crave and special grave crime

is a deliberate act, representing a most danger for society defined by the RA Crime Code.

Credit investments

Credit investments represent balance of loans allotted to economy by banking system. Credit investments are divided into short-term (allotted for a period less than one year) and long-term (allotted for a period more than one year).

Current advance payments

The amount of advance payments for purchasing current assets, performance of works and rendering of services.

Current price

Current price is the price recorded in the base organization in the observation time for certain period.

Current price index

is a ratio of prices in current period to the prices in the previous period and is a relative value over time with regard to the price changes.

Current transfers

include the folowing main tips: current taxes on income, and property, etc.; social security contributions and benefits; voluntary payments and gifts without capital character, fines, etc.

Debt for sales

Includes the balance cost of receivable accounts formed by sale of production, sales of goods , provided services, works performed, as well as other inventories, financial investments, fixed assets and other assets.

Debt service

Debt service is payment of interest amounts, commissions, fines and penalties and other fees anticipated by the loan or credit agreement.

Debts for salaries and other short-term compensations to employees

includes the balance value of payable accounts on payments of the salaries of employees of the organization and other short-term payments.

Debts on loans and borrowings of banks

Debts on loans and borrowings of banks is the balance value of amounts to be paid on long-term and short-term loans and borrowings of banks.

Direct investor

The direct investor is considered to be non-resident unit, non-resident organization who is linked or cooperating with him/her , who owns not less than 10% of stock capital of the resident unit of the current country.

Disabled person

Disabled person is the person who needs caring for and protection in connection with restriction of vital activity in consequence of physical or medical deterioration.

Disposable income

is defined as income left at institutional units` disposal for final consumption and saving, it is equal to the Gross National Income less income payable as current transfers plus current transfers receivable.

Eggs production

covers eggs gathered during a year from all kinds of poultry, including those used for incubation, production of egg powder and other purposes.


Employed are considered persons who during the reference week: • performed paid or not paid work as a self-employed, regardless of whether the job was permanent, temporary or seasonal, one-off, or casual, even if that work was for only one hour; • were temporarily absent from work for various reasons; • were engaged in household or farming activities, while the production of goods was intended mostly for sale or barter.

Employment rate

is the share of employed population among working age population.

External migration

External migration (foreign migration) is people’s movement beyond the state borders of a country stipulated by a change in their residence area.

External public debt

External public debt consists of credits provided to the government ant to Central Bank of RA by international organizations and foreign states, as well as of credits provided against guarantee of government and Central Bank of RA

Fellings of forests of main use and reforestation fellings

are carried out in mature forests for procurement of timber.

Fetal death

The fetal death (dead born fetus) death prior to the complete expulsion or extraction from it smothers of a product of conception, irrespective of the duration of the pregnancy.

Final consumption expenditures

consist of final consumption expenditures of households, general government final consumption expenditures on individual goods and services and collective services, and also final consumption expenditures of non-profit institutions serving households. Such grouping shows which sector pays for final consumption.

Final consumption expenditures of households

include outlays for purchasing consumer goods and services from all trading enterprises and market-places, and through non-organized trade (street vendors), from public utility service, passenger transport, communications establishments, hotels, commercial institutions of culture, health care, education, and also other consumption of goods and services in kind, produced for own use (agricultural produce of personal subsidiary plots, imputed services of owner-occupied dwellings), and received as labor remuneration.

Final consumption expenditures of non-profit institutions serving households

are outlays of non-commercial organizations on consumer goods and services provided free of charge to households are also included here. The services provided free of charge by organisations to their employees on education, health care and e. t. c.

First registration of disability

means determination of physical disability for the first time in current year. Caretaking institutions for elderly and disabled people and child care institutions is a medico social institution intended for permanent residence of disabled, child and aged people who need caring for and medical service.

Fixed deposits

Fixed deposits drawn up in banks for determined period.

Foreign direct investments

Direct investment is implemented by foreign investors who strive to get sustainable, long impact on the activity of the organization by direct investment.

Foreign investments

Foreign investment - Any type of capital including financial assets and intellectual values which are directly invested by foreign investor in the entrepreneurial or other sphere of activity implemented in RA territory with the purpose to receive a profit/income or achieve other effective results.

Foreign trade price index

characterizes changes in the export and import value in the conditions of unchangeable and constant physical volume at the expense of changes in prices for the goods in foreign trade.

Forest area

Forest area is a part of forest covered territory of Armenia as well as territory not covered by forest, but used for forestry needs. Forest stock includes forest area, i.e. forest covered territory (actually covered by plantations of trees) and territory not covered by forest but intended for forestation (burnt out areas, cutting areas, waste grounds, glades, areas of dead plantations). Besides, forest stock includes non-forest areas: agricultural lands (hayfields, pastures, arable land), special purpose areas (roads, ditches, country estates etc.), and also swamps, sands, ravines, steep hillsides and other territories.

Forest content

ratio of forest covered territory to the whole territory of the republic.

Forest management

is the system of activities comprising demarcation, division of forests into plots, groups and categories (water protection forests, sanitary forests, etc); inventories of forest resources (forest area and timber stocks); estimation of the size of annual felling area; reforestation and other activities.

Freight tariff index

characterizes changes in tariffs for freights by several kinds of transport over time. It is aggregated through the tariff indexes calculated for freight transportation by the 4 kinds of transport operating in the republic – road, railway, air and pipeline.

Freight transportation

Volume of freights shipped covers the number of freights actually shipred, taking into account the weight of package or container.

Freight turnover in ton/km

is defined as a sum produced by multiplying the weight of each consignment of freight in tons by the length of its transportation.

GDP deflator index

GDP deflator index is the ratio of GDP at current prices to GDP at comparable prices of the previous period.

General government final consumption expenditures on collective services

This category is different since it includes services rendered by organizations which are compensated from the State budget; such services meet needs of community as a whole, but not of individual households.

General purpose transport

General purpose transport implements carriages of the sections of economy industries and population, as well as thepassengers of general purpose route.

General schools

General schools are primary, basic, senior and general education institutions and gymnasiums, which implement general educational programms.

Generation of income account

is a constituent element of primary distribution of income accounts. It reflects primary incomes payable by resident institutional units directly engaged in the process of production of goods and services.

Goods (service) - representative goods (service)

concept characterizes the whole totality of types of certain goods (services). They could differ from each other by insignificant properties (components), which don’t impact on the quality of goods (services) and main consumer properties and should be homogeneous in their consumer importance. In RA for each settlements such kind of goods (services) are selected, which, in their qualitative properties, correspond to the nomenclature of the types of goods selected for the republic in general, to their technical characteristics, however, absolutely do not correspond to the similar type of goods in another settlement.

Goods and services account

Goods and services account is a special summary table. Like all other accounts, it consists of two parts: on the resources side the output and imports of goods and services, taxes on products, subsidies on products are recorded on the uses side consumer expenditures (intermediate and final) on goods and services, gross fixed capital formation, changes in inventories, and exports of goods and services are recorded.

Government debt

Government debt is the total sum of debt obligations conferred by the RA Governemnt (hereinafter government) and existing as of certain moment.


Grants are non-mandatory transfers/allocations received by the government or international organizations.

Gross (or net) operating surplus of the economy

Gross (or net) operating surplus of the economy is the part value added which remains with producers after deducting outlays related to the remuneration of employees and taxes on production. The terms “gross” and “net” in this case show if this indicator includes or excludes consumption of fixed capital in the process of production. The income created by “unincorporated enterprises” owned by households is called “Gross mixed income”, because it reflects both remuneration of work done by the owner of enterprise and entrepreneurial income.

Gross agricultural output

is the volue of produced outputs of plant-growing and husbandry in cash. For calculation of the physical volume of agricultural output, the indicator of its volume is used in comparable prices.

Gross Domestic Product

(GDP), The key indicator of the SNA, which characterizes the value of goods and services produced in the economy of a country and is intended for final consumption, capital formation and net exports. GDP is calculated by three methods: from the production side, from the use side, and through sources of incomes. GDP calculated with the production method is the difference between the output of goods and services for the whole economy and intermediate consumption plus net taxes (less subsidies) on products. GDP from the use side is defined as the sum of expenditures on final consumption of goods and services, gross capital formation, and net export. The method of constructing GDP through sources of incomes is one of the three methods used by the Armstat to calculate GDP within the SNA. But it is not independent because not all indicators of incomes can be measured directly and some of them are calculated with the balance method. The calculation of GDP through sources of incomes reflects primary incomes receivable by entities directly involved in the process of production, as well as by general government and non-profit institutions serving households. The gross operating surplus (gross mixed income) is a balancing item, which is defined as the difference between the GDP, at market prices, calculated by the production method and compensation of employees and net taxes on production and imports. This method is used by the Armstat only to analyze the value structure of GDP, but not to determine its nominal volume or changes.

Gross fixed capital formation

is defined as resident units` investments in fixed assets with the purpose of using these to create new incomes in the future.

Gross mixed income

surplus accruing from the processes of production by unincorporated enterprises owned by households and it reflects both the remuneration of work done by the owner of enterprise and the entrepreneurial income.

Gross National Disposable Income

is equal to the sum of disposable incomes of all resident institutional units

Gross value added

is calculated at the level of economic activities as the value of output of goods and services less the value of intermediate consumption. The term “Gross” means, that the value added includes the value of fixed capital consumed in the process of production.

Gymnasiums and lyceums

are included into general education schools which provide main and additional general education programmes. The education programmes of gymnasiums comprise deep profile differential tuition of pupils; lyceums provide training in relevant fields of specialization of senior level pupils.

Harmful substances emitted into atmosphere by stationary sources

include total amount of all contaminants coming to air basin both after treatment at dust-arresting (gas-cleaning) plants (as a result of insufficient capture and treatment) and without treatment (contaminats from organized and non-organized sources).


are the lands used for haymaking.

Higher education

Higher education is provided in two-stage sistems: Bachelor and Master Programmes at the state and non-state education institutions, in the forms of available education and tuition by correspondence in free and paid basis.

Higher education institutions

are the universities and other educational institutions carring out higher training programs.

Hours actually worked

include actual time spent by employed population on production of goods and services during the reference week that can be over or less working time defined by the legislation (normal duration) as well as hours usually worked. Hours actually worked during the reference week can be equal to 0 in case of not working temporarily for various reasons (eg, illness, holidays, shift work, etc.).

Hours usually worked

refer to the typical situation associated with working hours, that is worked hours during the typical week of the last month, excluding temporary overtime work or part-time work.

Households farms

Households farms include personal households, gardening companies members’ peasant farms and urban population engaged in agriculture.

Housing stock

can be defined as a totality of all dwellings irrespective of the form of ownership. It includes dwelling houses, specialized houses (hostels, specialized houses for single and aged, childrens’ homes, boarding-houses for invalids, veterans, school-hostels and boarding- schools), flats, official dwelling rooms and other premises in other buildings suitable for living. Country houses (dachyas), summer garden houses, sport and tourist centres, motels, camping-sites, sanatoria, rest homes, holiday hotels, guest houses, hotels, barracks, cells, railway coaches and other premises intended for rest, seasonal and temporary residence irrespective of duration of living in them are not included in the housing stock.

Index of real wages/salaries

is calculated as ratio of the index of average monthly nominal wages/salaries by consumer price index. Both indices should refer to one and the same period. Average size of assigned monthly pension (social benefit) is calculated as ratio of the sum total of the monthly pensions (social benefits) of all pensioners (benefit recipients), registered in the agencies of labour and social protection, to the number of those receiving pensions.

Indicators of organizations activity

contains the structure of expenditors on manufacture and sales of products (goods and services) and status of calculation of large and medium-size commercial organizations of RA covered in the statistical monitoring of Armstat. Data collection is implemented on the basis of statistical reporting forms. Indicators are classified according to the classification of types of economic activities (NACE (rev.2))

Individual price index

is the ratio of the price of a specific product in one period to the price of the same product in the base period.

Industrial output production in kind

Industrial output production in kind as a rule is represented by gross output, including goods used for own needs within an organization and prodused from the customer’s raw material

Industrial output production in physical volume index

Industrial output production in physical volume index characterizes changes in the dynamics of the volume of industrial production in value terms. It is calculated through comparison of outputs. Products are valued at the comparable prices based on producer price indices . The prices of previous year are taken as a weight.

Informal employment

comprised the total number of informal jobs, whether carried out in formal sector enterprises, informal sector enterprises, or households, during a given reference period. Measurement of the informal employment includes: (1) employees holding informal jobs (including paid domestic workers); (2) employers and own-account workers having informal sector enterprises; (3) contributing (unpaid) family workers; (4) members of informal producers’ cooperatives. Own-account workers and contributing (unpaid) family workers mostly engaged in the production of goods exclusively for own final use in their household do not considered as informally employed based on the requirements of new standards.

Informal employment rate

is the share of employed holding informal jobs among total employment (total jobs).

Information about the vital events, births, deaths, marriages and divorces

is processed based on the statistical data which contain the records on births, deaths, marriages and divorces provided by the Civil Status Regester of the RA Ministry of Justice.

Insurance payment

Insurance payment is the sum to be paid by insurer to insurant or beneficiary for real damage and loss due to insured accident foreseen in the insurance contract.

Insurance payments

The sum of insurance payments paid by the insurance company for the insurance

Insurance reserves

Insurance reserves funds formed from insurance contributions for live and other insurance obligations implementation purposes.

Intermediate consumption

is equal to the value if goods and services transformed or consumed in the current process of production. The intermediate consumption does not include consumption of fixed capital. Intermediate consumption also covers financial intermediation services indirectly measured.

Internal migration

Internal migration-internal displacement of people within the country's borders, due to the change of residence.

Internal public debt

Internal public debt is the sum of obligations conferred on behalf of the Republic of Armenia by the authorized body of the Government for residents of Armenia on the basis of loan or credit agreements.

International poverty estimates

International poverty estimates are based on the international poverty line and are used for international comparisons and cross-country benchmarking. The international poverty line of US$1.90 2011 PPP a day was obtained as the average national poverty lines of the fifteen poorest countries in the world. In addition to the international poverty line, the World Bank uses income class poverty lines which facilitate comparison between countries at similar stages of development. A more appropriate threshold to measure poverty for countries in the income class are defined at US$3.2 2011 PPP line (lower middle-income countries) and US$5.5 2011 PPP line (upper middle-income countries), and the welfare aggregate used is the same harmonized one used for the international poverty line.


Investments are defined as the net acquisition of economic assets (acquisition of assets after deduction of financial liabilities). Investments do not include the increase in the net value of equity capital as a result of activities or phenomena not related to economic operations (discovery of mineral deposits, inflation, etc.). At the level of the whole economy, investments represent the cost of investments of resident economic entities in the real assets (in fixed assets, replenishment of stocks of circulating assets, value, the acquisition of tangible and intangible non-produced assets) and net foreign financial investments (acquisition of securities, bonds, other financial instruments minus liabilities).

Job seekers

are 16 years and older capable persons, regardless of the fact of being employed, have applied to the State Employment Agency to find a job.

Job seekers per a vacancy

is the ratio of the number of job seekers registered in the employment agency to the number of vacancies announced by employers with the employment agency.

Juvenile crimes

is criminal attempts committed by adolescents aged from 14 go 18.

Labour cost / expenditures

Labour cost / expenditures is / are the employees’ remuneration and additional expenditures incurred by the employer (as required by law and voluntary). Labour cost is formed from the employers’ expenditureson behalf of the employees: • ERPE;• costs of employees’ housing borne; • social security expenditure;• costs of vocational training; • costs of welfare services; • other costs not elsewhere classified.

Labour force

Labour force includes all employed and unemployed population, who develop labour market (related to labour force supply) for production of goods and services.

Labour force participation rate

is the share of labour force among working age population.

Labour Force Survey (LFS)

is a statistical observation of the households selected by the appropriate method. Through the survey, an information is collected from the population living in private households using standard methodology and procedures applied at the internationally level in accordance with the International Labour Organization (ILO) standards. Thus, the survey results are comparable across countries.

Labour remuneration and other similar payments

includes: a) direct wages/salaries, including any premium pay, additional payment, rise b) remuneration for time not worked, provided by legislation c) bonuses and gratuities d) food, dwelling, fuel and other payments in kind. Average wage/salary indicatore by types of econiomic activity is presented according to NACE rev. 2.

Labour resources (working age popu lation)

are the sum of labour force and population out of labour force.

Labour underutilization (LU)

refers to mismatches between labour supply and demand, which translate into an unmet need for employment among not only unemployed population, but also other groups of the working population, such as employed and population outside the labour force.


Libraries cover libraries with universal book stocks serving demands of the public for publications.

Life Births

The “Complete expulsion or extraction from its mother of a product of conception. Which, after such separation, breathes or shows any other evidence of life such as the beating of the heart, pulsation of the umbilical cord, or definite movement of voluntary muscles, whether or not the umbilical cord has been cut or the placenta is disattached.

Life expectancy

Life expectancy is the average number of years that a newborn generation is expected to live, if the mortality pattern prevailing across all age groups of given generation equals current mortality rate of the given period.

Livestock number

as of 1st January is estimated based on annual enumerations of livestock and covers all age groups of the enumerated livestock.

Long-term migrant

Long-term migrant - a person who has permanent residence in the country (usually) move to another country for at least one year (12 month) period, and the destination country is becoming a new country of residence. The point of departure, a leaving person is considered long-term migrants (immigrants) and for the arrival country the person will be considered as long-term immigrants (immigrant).

Long-term unemployment rate

refers to the number of people with continuous periods of unemployment extending for a year or longer, expressed as a percentage of the total unemployed.

Main indicators of monetary and credit and banking systems

Central Bank of RA submits the data.

Maintenance fellings

Maintenance fellings are carried out in the process of growing and maturing of plantations. It supposes cutting down of selected trees and bushes to secure better conditions of growth for other trees.

Maternal mortality

Maternal mortality is the death of women due to pregnancy irrespective of its duration, which occurred during pregnancy or within 42 days of termination of pregnancy, from any cause related to or aggravated by the pregnancy or its processing, but not from accidental or incidental cause.

Medical institutions

Subject to the record in the hospitals are the beds by the end of the year which are equipped with the required appliances and are ready for laying the patients, irrespective of whether these beds are occupied by the patients or not

Milk output

is measured irrespective of whether it was sold or consumed by the farms for feeding calves or piglets. Milk consumed by sucking calves is excluded from total output and is not recorded while estimating average milk yield per cow.

Monetary base

Monetary base represents the volume of cash outside of Central Bank of RA, obligatory reserves of commercial banks in Central Bank of RA and deposits of non-bank organizations. Monetary base – is the sum of net internal and external assets.

Money supply

represents cash in circulation and all dram and foreign currency deposits of domestic economy (population, enterprises and public organizations) in banking system.Monetary aggregates – are the indicators of money supply.

Morbidity rate

Morbidity rate is calculated as ratio of number of patients with the diagnosis set for the first time to the average annual number of resident population.

Mortality rates

characterize average death rate for each age group. Death rates are calculated as a ratio of number of deaths of a given age group during a calendar year to the midyear population of a given age group, by current estimates (de jure population) except 0-4 age groups for which the agespecific death rates are calculated by the rates of deaths at the 0-4 age groups and the total number of live births.

Motor vehicle trade

includes both sale of motor vehicles, related parts and accessories, and maintenance and repair of motor vehicles via specialised trade units

Multidimensional Poverty

Multidimensional Poverty describes deprivations to wellbeing, a lack of key capabilities, and a type of “economic scarcity” of basic needs. A measure of multidimensional poverty captures the complexity, depth and persistence of poverty and complements the analysis of monetary (consumption) poverty.

Natural growth

is the difference between live births and deaths in a certain year.

Natural national parks

are the territories for protection of natural complexes having ecologic, historic, aesthetic value in favorable combination with natural and cultural lands capes, they are used for rest,educational scientific purposes.

Naturally-paid salaries to employees

includes data on products, works, services provided by the employer for labor compensation, including products, goods, works and services produced by that organization.

Nature reserves

are the special territories typical for geographic zone, which are excluded from economic use to protect and study the nature. The purpose of nature reserves is the restoration of valuable animals and plants.

Net export

are defined as the difference between exports and imports of goods and services.

Net external assets

Net external assets difference between external assets and external liabilities, as a result of relations of Central Bank of RA and banking system with non-residents.

Net foreign assets (NFA) of financial system

present the total sum of net foreign assets of Central Bank, commercial banks, and credit institutions.

Net internal assets

Net internal assets domestic economy requirements of Central Bank of RA and banking system. Main sectors of domestic economy for Central Bank are – government of RA and commercial banks, for all banking system – Government and real sector. Requirements for other sector of economy are included in net other assets. Liabilities to government are deducted from requirements.

Net lending (+) or net borrowing (-)

is defined as the excess or deficit of sources of funds over the expenditures on non-financial assets. At the level of the economy, net lending or net borrowing shows the value of resources paid to “the rest of the world” and received from “the rest of the world”.

Net taxes on production and imports

include taxes on products and imports and other taxes on production. The term “Net” means that taxes are shown excluding related subsidies.

Newly created jobs

are not only the first time created during the reporting / observation period, but also the existing one, such as production expansion, shift work, as well as new / first created jobs as a result of restructuring. The newly created job плаце may be occupied or not yet, but it is intended to hire a worker no later than one month after the reporting / observation period.

Nominal wages/salaries

are gross remuneration of employee, taking into account taxes and other deduction defined by the RA legislation.

Non - repayable transfers

Products, goods, works and services provided to organizations, as well as to citizens for charitable purposes (assistance, donations).

Non wage-earners

are those who ensure income by own work (employers, own-account workers, contributing family workers and members of producers cooperatives).

Non-general purpose transport

Non-general purpose transport implements freights transportation of the given organization (for road transport by road transport vehicles for railway transport-by sidings of non-general use), as well as the transportation of employees of the given organization by road transport (intra-economic and official transport). Main indicators of general purpose transport are volume of freights shipped (tons), freight turnover (tons-kilometers), volume of passengers carried (passenger) and passenger turnover (passengers-kilometers).

Non-state educational institutions

Non-state educational institutions (schools, middle vocational,higher educational institutions) include registration of private educational institutions with license.

Normal duration of working hours

can not be more than 40 hours per week.

Number of job cuts

is the reduction in the number of jobs / payroll during the reporting /observation period (e.g. changes in output, economic, technological and work organization conditions, reduction in the number of workers due to production needs, etc.).

Number of job places

number of jobs is the sum of the actual number of payroll employees (occupied jobs), including employees holding several jobs (external part-timers) and vacancies at the end of the reporting / observation period.

Number of vacant job place

the number of workers required by the employer, with codition of their full employment.A job is considered vacant if it is not occupied during the reporting / observation period and the employer has taken concret actions to find a suitable candidate outside the organization, conducted interviews, directly engaged in the selection of a candidate, reported on a vacancy or issued a job announcement, through the state-owned, private agencies, the mass media (internet, newspapers, magazines, TV-radio, etc.) regardless vacancy should be filled by the fixed or unfixed period, whether a part-time or full time job. · A job is considered vacant for those who are absent due to prolonged temporary incapacity, newborn or newborn carer, as well as temporary vacancies for up to three years of child care, if not replaced by another worker or employer has implemented specific measures to fill a vacancy / position. · The job is not to be considered as a vacant, if: - it was not intended to be filled during the reporting/observation period; - no specific actions have been taken to fill it during the reporting/observation period; - it has become vacant and filled at the same time during the reporting/observation period; - it is designed to occupy for one day; - it is designed to recruit staff from within the organization; - it should be occupied by an employee returning from vacation (all types); - intended to be filled by a civil law contract employee; - a contract has been signed with the employee, but work has not started yet.


is a socio-legal phenomenon comprising crimes commited on specific territory during specific period of time and having qualitative and quantitave measures.


are persons officially registered by Police RA by the Goverment of RA , against whom criminal cases were initiated.

Other accounts payable (including debts on mandatory social insurance and participants)

includes the balance value of compulsory social security payments, as well as payable accounts of penalties and fines imposed on them, balance value of short-term payables on income (dividends) arising from participation in the capital stock with participants (founders) and balance value of payable accounts on operating leases, penalties, fines, insurance premiums, enterpreneurial activity, amounts payable to employees and other activities of employees.

Other investments (foreign)

Other investment includes all types of financial transactions that have not been involved in direct and portfolio investments. Other investments are in a form of credits and loans, amounts payable for goods and services, received / receivable prepayments, cash, bank deposits and accounts, payable / receivable accounts and in other property form.

Other receivable accounts

includes the balance value of receivable accounts of operating renting, expected shares, expected interest earned from debt securities, insurance compensations, penalties, fines, compensation for material damage, other income, salary payment, other operations with employees, appeals.

Other taxes on production

consist of all taxes, except taxes on products, payable by enterprises in connection with their participation in the production process. The rates of these taxes do not directly depend on the volume and profitability of production. They do not include taxes on profit or on other incomes of enterprises. Other taxes on production include: taxes on use of natural resources (environment tax), payments for land (land tax), licenses, state duties and levies payable by enterprises and organizations, real estate tax, e. t. c.


Output is the value of goods and services produced in the economy during the reported year.

Output of animal husbandry

includes the value of raising and keeping livestock, poultry and other animals, as well as production of milk, eggs, honey, etc.

Output of plant-growing

includes the value of materials produced while harvesting in the current year, the value of young perennial plantations, and changes in the value of work-in-progress for the current year (from the beginning to the end of the year).

Passenger turnover (passenger-kilometer)

is defined by multiplying the number of passengers carried by average distance per passenger. The volume of passenger transportation of road transport (number of passengers carried) and passenger turnover are defined by separate kinds of communication- intraurban, intraregional, interregional and international.


are the lands under natural or sown grass used for grazing, but not for haymaking.

Perinatal mortality

Perinatal mortality is a combined concept that covers death of fetus in the perinatal period, beginning from 22 weeks of gestation up to the process of birth delivery as well as the death occurring during the birth delivery and before the first 168 hours of life (7 full days)

Permanent residence country

Permanent residence country - the country where the person lives and, he/she has a place to live and where he/she usually spends the resting hours.Temporally abroad trips, vacation, holidays, visits to friends and relatives, business, medical treatment or religious pilgrimage do not change a country of residence.

Personal crime

is crime against life, health, freedom, honor, dignity, sexual immunity, constitutional rights and freedom, as well as family.

Persons placed to job (found a job)

is the number of the persons who were placed to a job with the intermediation of the employment service during the reporting period.

Polluted waste water

Polluted waste water represents the run-offs discharged into surface water bodies without treatment (or after insufficient treatment),with pollutants’ content exceeding the agreed MPD.

Population (persons) outside the labour force

covers either persons, who were not employed or unemployed in the reference period.

Population break down

in the urban and rural population is considered by their place of residence: urban settlements are considered those determined the status by law. All other settlements are considered rural.

Population current registration data

until 2011 are represented through the update of the indicator of permanent population number based on RA Population Census 2001, by adding the number of annual births and arrivals and removing the number of deaths and departed persons from the given territory for thr reporting year.

Portfolio investments

Portfolio investment are the capital investments of the foreign investors which allow to have limited impact and get some profit in the organization with foreign investment which is regulated by the contract concluded between the sides.

Postal and courier services include

collection, sorting, distribution, transport and delivery of mails, parcels, post packages and packets from national post offices, poste restante, sale of postage stamps, post cards, envelops, distribution of periodicals on agreement basis, special connection and government currier activity, collection, transport and delivery of letters, parcels, post packages and packets by organizations other than national post offices.

Pre-school institutions

(which function not less than 10 months in a year) provide care, nursing, improvement of sanitary conditions, bringing up, and training of children aged from 1 to 6 years.


Price is the value of a unit of goods in currency (national or international).

Price index

is a relative indicator in ratio or percent that characterizes changes in prices over time or space.

Price recording

Price recording is a method of information collection on prices (tariffs) for goods (services) that is implemented in the base organizations selected beforehand in the several sectors of economy.

Prices and price indices weighting

actions related to the given goods or index for goods, which will characterize their importance in the selected totality.

Principles of valuation

In the SNA, valuation at current prices is made by prices actually used in transactions. Production and use of GDP are valued at the current market prices, which are prevalent in the period of produce production and use. In order to eliminate the influence of various taxes and subsidies in different economic activities of the economy on the structure of production and generation of income, indicators by industries are valued at basic prices.

Procurement price index for agricultural production means

characterizes dynamics of changes in procurement prices for production means in the reference period compared to the base one.

Producer’s price index for industrial product

characterizes price changes over time for the product produced by the industrial organizations (excluding VAT and excise tax).

Production account

Production account records transactions directly linked to the production process. In this account the value added is defined, which serves as a basis for calculating the Gross Domestic Product.

Production, goods, works, services exchanged in barters

includes products, goods, works and services provided by the entity for the exchange.

Products used inside the organization

This is the product that is allocated to the branches, representations, departments and other units of the entity that have separate balance for the intermediate use.

Property incomes

include incomes receivable or payable by institutional units in return for putting the financial assets, land, and other non-financial assets (minerals, other natural resources, patents, licenses, etc) at the disposal of other institutional units.

Property Insurance

The sum of insurance premiums paid for property insurance (except insurance premiums related to their transfer to the formation of the initial cost of the material resources).

Public and local budgets

Public and local budgets are the financial programs designed for a certain time period to exercise the powers assigned to the state and local self government bodies by the RA Constitution and laws.

Public debt

Public debt is the total sum of debt obligations conferred on behalf of the Republic of Armenia and the RA Central Bank (except debt obligations of the Central Bank to the residents) and existing as of certain moment

Public institutions final consumption expenditures on individual goods and services

consist of expenditures of government institutions on consumer goods and services intended for personal consumption. Such outlays are funded from the State budget and extra-budgetary funds.

Purchasing Power Parity

Purchasing Power Parity is the number of units of currencies necessary to purchase some quantity of goods and services, which could be purchased as 1 unit of base country's currency.

Real wages/salaries

show quantity of goods and volume of services, which is possible to buy with wages/salaries of the reference period compared to consumer prices of base period. Real wages/salaries are calculated as ratio of nominal wages of the reference period to the consumer price index of the same period.

Recorded crime

is officially registered socially dangerous act, defined by the RA criminal legislation.

Reevaluation at comparable prices (of previous year)

is made for GDP from the production and use side. The indicators of the production of GDP are revaluated at comparable prices with the double deflation method where the value added at comparable prices is the difference between the value of output and the value of intermediate consumption at comparable prices. Revaluation of output and intermediate consumption at comparable prices is made by two methods: • deflation of data at current prices for the accounting period with corresponding price indices. • extrapolation of data at current prices for the base year with real volume indices or quantum indices. To revaluate the indicators of use of GDP at constant prices, relevant price indices (consumer price index, capital investments price index, etc.) and physical indicators were applied.


comprises activities aimed at restoration of forests on cutting areas, burnt out areas, waste grounds, glades and other former forest lands. Reforestation includes planting, sowing and measures promoting natural renewal of forests.

Relative Poverty

Relative Poverty relates to a notion of social exclusion, according to which households with income less than 60 percent of median income are considered poor (definition used by the EuroStat). This methodology is widely used in European Union countries and builds around the idea that poverty is no longer the inability to afford an acceptable minimum of living conditions but rather describes how some groups are at risk of falling behind the rest of the population.

Rental fees

The payments of the organization for the rented land, fixed assets and other expenses related to renting.

Research institutions

regardless of their branch identity are engaged in research activities including fundamental and applied researches and developments in all branches of science, and also in rendering scientific and technical services. Research institutions and enterprises engaged in research activities include research institutes, design and prospecting organisations, pilot production plants not serving any outside entities, higher education institutions, scientific and technical units of industrial enterprises engaged in research, design and technological work, and also other organisations reporting R&D activities in the period covered by their reports.


an institutional unit is considered, within a country when it has a centre of economic interest in that territory i.e. is engaged or is going to get engaged in some economic activities or transactions during a long period (one year and more).


Istitutional unit within a country when it has a centre of economic interest in that territory i.e. is engaged or is going to get engaged in some economic activities or transactions during a long period (one year and more).

Retail trade turnover

is the sale of consumer commodities for final consumption or for household use in value terms. The retail trade turnover index is formed by trade buildings - shops, kiosks, other trade buildings (retail trade shops for motor and domestic fuel), as well as by trade realization places based on the trade turnover from consumer goods and agricultural products market.

Sale price index for agricultural product producer

Sale price index for agricultural product producer characterizes price changes for the products sold through all channels of the agricultural product producer both over time and space. It is calculated through the aggregation method by the plant growing and cattle-breeding products and marzes of the republic.

Sales of livestock and poultry

(meat output) include all types of livestock and poultry slaughter sold to the state, in market, through own trading network , exchanged as barter, own consumption and etc.

Satellite communication service

includes maintence and operation facilities ensuring satellite communication for sound, data, texts, records, images delivery or providing opportunity for using it, immediate transfer to consumers of audio and video TV programmes obtaining from TV channels and TV stations, as well as providing opportunity for access to Internet from operator supporting satellite communication.

Scientific-pedogogical workers of higher educational institutions, workers

Scientific-pedogogical workers of higher educational institutions, workers engaged in educational activity combine this with performing research and technical works in research subdivisions or at faculties of higher educational institutions.

Secondary distribution of income account

shows how the balance of primary incomes of an institutional unit or sector is transformed into its disposable income by the receipt and payment of current transfers excluding social transfers in kind.

Services of wire telecommunication systems

• telephone network; • telegraph communication; • Internet access; • cable television systems.

Services of wireless telecommunication systems

• cellular telephone communication; • radio wave (pager) communication; • radius activity communication; • Internet access.

Short- term migrant

Short- term migrant - a person who has a permanent (usually) residence and he/she moves to another country for at least 3 months, but a year (12 months) for a period less, except in cases where the movement is due to the relaxation, vacation, friends and family visits, business, medical treatment or religious pilgrimage purposes. For international migration statistics, the country of residence for short-term migrants, and that country will be the country of destination.

Social Exclusions

Social Exclusions in Armenia illustrates the material exclusion as a dimension, which reflects inability of the majority of people to obtain some desirable or even necessary goods to live the acceptable level of life (definition used by EuroStat). This indicator distinguishes between people who cannot afford some goods or services, and those who do not have access to goods or services due to other reasons, for instance because they don’t want or they don’t need those goods or services. The study of social exclusions supplements the analysis of monetary and multidimensional poverty, as well as testifies to the distinct connections between these three different concepts.

Sown area

Sown area is allocated among crops based on the economic use of their yield. The adjusted area is measured by adding up the area under safe winter crops, the area sown to spring crops.

Specialists engaged in research and design and technological works cover specialists with higher and middle vocational education

(including post-graduates) who are directly involved in performing research and technical works, and also heads of research institutions and subdivisions involed in research activities. Excluded are managers and other accounting and planning staff, financial and material supply functionaries, and also personnel engaged in supplying scientific and technical information, those serving scientific and technical, and other special libraries, workers of patent units, laboratory workers without higher or middle vocational education, secretary, clerical workers, etc.

State budget deficit

is financed at the expense of borrowed funds being received from internal and external sources, as well as balance of available resources at the beginning of year.

State budget deficit financing sources

State budget deficit is financed at the expense of borrowed funds being received from internal and external sources, as well as balance of available resources at the beginning of year.

State finances

Informational base of statistics of state finances is formed on the basis of reports on implementation of state and municipal budgets submitted to Armstat by the Ministry of Finance of RA. Since 2008 the classification of the RA state budget and since 2009 the classification of the RA municipal budget indicators has been implemented in line with the classification of “Government Finanse Statistics-2001” manual. Budgetary system of the Republic of Armenia consists of state and municipal budgets.State and community budgets are financial programs of budget formation and spending for a certain period for implementation of authorization of the state and local self-governmental bodies given by the constitution and law.

State guarantee

State guarantee is the obligation of the Government towards the lenders and creditors (budget guarantee) existing as of certain moment, as well as the obligation of the Central Bank for non-resident lenders and creditors to repay fully or partially the amounts subject to payment by resident lenders and creditors of the Republic of Armenia in case of not paying by them in the defined timelines.

Stationary source of air polluting emissions

is defined as immobile technological unit (device, apparatus,etc) , that in the process of work emits contaminating substances in the air.

Statistical discrepancy between the gross domestic product by production and expenditure sides

Statistical discrepancy between the gross domestic product by production and expenditure sides shows the difference between GDPs calculated by different methods. Every component included in the GDP calculated by the production and expenditure approaches are formed independently based on own statistical information flows; therefore their grand totals can be different from each other to a certain extent.

Still birth

The “Complete expulsion or extraction from its mother of a product of conception, which, after such separation, does not breathe or does not show any other evidence of life such as the beating of the heart, pulsation of the umbilical cord, or definite movement of voluntary muscles, whether or not the umbilical cord has been cut or the placenta is attached”. Only the 500gr and over (after twentieth week births) and still birth cases are submitted to registration by regional Civil Registration Bodies and included in data on perinatal mortality.


are current non-compensable payments from the State budget to enterprises provided to those enterprises which are producing particular goods and services.

Subsidies from the budget

The state gratuitous financial aid provided to the organization as subsidies.

Summary price index

is a change in aggregative value, which in its turn, composes of changes in prices (tariffs) for numerous specific products (services).

System of National Accounts (SNA)

System of National Accounts (SNA) is a system of interrelated indicators which are used for description and analysis of macroeconomic processes in the economy.

Taxes on products

include taxes which directly depend on the value of goods produced and services rendered. Taxes on products include: value added tax (VAT), excise tax, etc. Taxes on imports are those levied on imported goods and services.

The demand for workforce (labour)

is the number of vacancies (needed employees) announced by the employer filled with the state employment service.

Theatres and museums

Theatres and museums оnly public establishment are included in the number of theatres and museums.

Total area of dwelling houses

is determined as the sum of the areas of living and auxiliary rooms of the flat (kitchens, anterooms, intra-flat corridors, bathrooms or shower rooms, toilet rooms, store-roomsor built-in closets as well as attics, mezzanines, verandahs which are heated and fit for living). In the hostels the cultural-communal rooms and medical service rooms (isolators) are referred to auxiliary rooms in addition to the rooms mentioned above. The following places are not included in the total area of dwelling houses: - staircases, lift halls, non-heated common corridors, vestibules, galleries, balconies, loggias, attics and mezzanines; - non-living rooms occupied by housing-maintenance organizations, shops, polyclinics, drug-stores, savings-banks, post-offices, children’s institutions, enterprises rendering personal services etc.

Total floor space of dwelling-houses

consists of actual living spaces and subsidiary spaces. The floor space of dwelling- houses and hostels as well as non-residential premises having apartments include space occupied by dinning-rooms, bed rooms, rooms for children and other living spaces indide the apartments.The living space of hostels includes only the space occupyed by bed rooms and rooms for the day-time stay. Subsidiary spaces of dwelling houses, hostels and non residential houses are considered kitchen, corridors, toilets, bathrooms, cloak rooms, storage, built-in closets in the dwelling. In the hostels, besides the above-mentioned spaces, the spaces of cultural and everyday and medical services are also considered subsidiary spaces. The verandas, lodges, long-form balconies are considered subsidiary spaces, if they are foreseen according to the technical and economic indicators of the project. The floor spaces of halls, tambours, staircases, common corridors, as well as the floor spaces of non-residential premises close to dwellings are not included in the total actual living space.

Total land area

is the land area including internal waters within the State border.

Total number of paramedical personnel

The total number of paramedical personnel includes the persons with the secondary medical education (except for the dentists), who are engaged in the medical treatment, sanitary organizations, social security institutions, pre-school institutions, schools, children’s homes, etc.)

Total number of the physicians

includes all physicians with the higher medical education by the end of the year engaged in the medical treatment and sanitary organizations, social security institutions, scientific-research institutions, personnel training institutions, in the apparatus of the public health bodies and others. This indicator takes into account both the stomatologists with the complete higher education and dentists with the secondary specialized education.

Total population number

Data on the age and sex structure of population are based on estimates of de jure population covering permanent residents of this given territory, including temporary absentees at the census date.

Total stock of timber

the sun of growing part of timber, felling and intermediate use stock.

Trade turnover

includes retail trade turnover, wholesale trade turnover and motor vehicle trade. Trade turnover index is calculated excluding value added tax and indirect tax.

Training and retraining costs (including scholarships)

Personnel training costs are the costs (cost of training) of the organization on the participation of employees in training courses in order to get adequate qualifications for existing production processes and procedures, methods or tools of work organization.


is defined as a transaction in which one institutional unit provides goods, services or assets (financial or non-financial) to another unit without receiving from the later any goods, services or assets in return as counterpart. There are current and capital transfers. They may be either in cash or in kind.


Transport is broken down into general purpose and non-general purpose transport.


According to the ILO standart definition an unemployed is someone, who simultaneously met the following three conditions during the last four weeks preceding the survey (including the reference week): · was not in employment, · was actively searched for any type of employment by any methods, i.e. applied to a state and (or) a private employment service, seeking the assistance of friends, relatives or other intermediaries, placing or answering online job announcements and placing résumés, arranging for financial resources, tried to start own business etc; · was available to take up employment given a job opportunity mmediately (i.e. within next two weeks). Unemployed is also person, who within the last four weeks did not search for a job, because s/he had made arrangements to take up paid employment or undertake selfemployment activity and s/he will start to work subsequent two weeks.

Unemployed (officially registered)

are employable and capable jobless persons who are searching for a job and are not receiving state pensions set by RA legislation (with the exception of survivor pensions), are registered at the State Employment Service in order to be placed to job, are ready to accept a convenient job and have received the status of an unemployed.

Unemployment duration (job-search)

is the period of time during which the person is seeking for a job regardless of the job-search method. Two features characterize unemployment duration: · Finished unemployment, which is the period of time between the start of job-search and the job placement; · Non-ended unemployment, which is the period of time between the start of job-search and registration of the fact of unemployment.

Unemployment duration (job-search)

is the period of time during which the person is seeking for a job regardless of the job-search method. Two features characterize unemployment duration: · Finished unemployment, which is the period of time between the start of job-search and the job placement; · Non-ended unemployment, which is the period of time between the start of job-search and registration of the fact of unemployment.

Unemployment rate

is the share of unemployed among the labour force.

Use of disposable income account

shows how households, general government and non-profit institutions serving households (NPISHs) distribute their disposable income between final consumption expenditures and saving.

Volume of industrial production

Volume of industrial production is measured as a grand total of volumes related to the output produced, industrial work and services done by industrial organizations (including independent units). Output data are given at current prices excluding value added and excise taxes. Output produced from the customer’s raw materials (for which producing organization doesn’t pay) is included in the industrial output at current prices,excluding the value of raw materials.

Volume of passenger transportation

Volume of passenger transportation includes number of passengers actually carried by transport facilities (including the passengers enjoying the rights of free of charge traffic).

Volume of pollutants captured (detoxified)

includes all types of pollutants captured (detoxified) by dust-arresting (gas-cleaning) plants out of the total volume of pollutants emitted by stationary sources.

Volume of services

reflects the volume of various types of rendered services and is registered for the period during which the services are rendered, regardless of payment, without value-added and similar (indirect) taxes. The indicator doesn,t include also the volume of services implemented in state order. The indicator on volume of services is formed from the following services: accommodation and food service activities, arts, entertainment and recreation (creative, arts and entertainment activities, libraries, archives, museums and other cultural activities, gambling and betting activities, sports activities and amusement and recreation activities), education (pre-primary education, primary education, secondary education, higher education, other education: sports and recreation education, cultural education, accountant education, foreign languages education, computer and other courses education), human health and social work activities, real estate activities (buying and selling of own real estate, renting and operating of own or leased real estate etc), information and communication (publishing activities, motion picture, video and television programme production, sound recording and music publishing activities, television programming and broadcasting activities, telecommunications, computer programming, consultancy and related activities), transport: air transport, land transport (motor vehicles, railroad lines, electric transport) without transport via pipeline, postal and courier activities, administrative and support service activities (rental and leasing activities, employment activities, tourism, security and investigation activities, services to buildings and landscape activities), professional, scientific and technical activities (legal and accounting activities, management consultancy activities, architectural and engineering activities, technical testing and analysis, advertising and market research, veterinary activities, other professional, scientific and technical activities n.e.c.), financial and insurance activities, other service activities (repair of computers and personal and household goods, washing and (dry-)cleaning of textile and fur products, other beauty treatment, funeral and related activities, physical well-being activities etc).

Volume of sold production

Volume of sold production is defined as the value of the output which have been actually shipped in the reporting period to customers (including products received on the spot), of work and services done, irrespective of the fact if the payment made by customers has been received by producer or not.

Wage-earners (employees)

are those who work on the contract basis signed with the employer, were hired to work based on an order or certain written or verbal agreement and receive monetary or in kind compensation as wage/salary.

Waste water discharge into surface reservoirs

includes amounts of water pure corresponding to standards, water purified according to standards and contaminated run-offs.

Waste water pure according to standards

Waste water pure according to standards refers to run-offs that discharged without treatment do not deteriorate quality standards in monitored places of water supply.

Waste water purified according to standards

is defined as run-offs purified at treatment plants. Discharge of this water does not deteriorate quality standards in monitored place of water supply, i.e. the pollutants’ content should correspond to the agreed maximum permissive discharge .

Water abstraction from natural sources

Water abstraction from natural sources is removal of water from surface water bodies and aquifers for consumption. This does not include water used for electric power generation, ship locking, passage of fish and maintenance of navigable depth.

Water consumption (use)

means use of water removed from different sources for communal and household needs. Consumption of recycled water and reuse of waste and sewage water is excluded.

Wholesale trade

is that type (activity) of trade, when the purchaser buys big consignment of goods by corresponding invoice with the purpose of further resale to salers reproqcessors, but not to the final consumers. Indicator of wholesale trade turnover includes the export volumes (excluding the direct export by the producers).


comprises any activity performed by persons of any sex and age to produce goods or to provide services for use by others, or for own use, irrespective of its formal or informal character or the legality of the activity.

Yield capacity

(gross yield of agricultural crops per 1ha) is calculated per gathered crops area.