Euro SDMX Metadata Structure (ESMS)

Foreign trade


1 Contact
1.1 Contact organisation Armstat
1.2 Contact organisation unit Balance of Payments and Foreign Trade Statistics Division
1.3 Contact name Kristine Poghosyan
1.4 Contact person function Head of Division
1.5 Contact mail address Government Building 3, Republic ave.,Yerevan 0010, Republic of Armenia
1.6 Contact email address foreign_trade@armstat.am
1.7 Contact phone number +374 11 583996
1.8 Contact fax number +374 11 521921
2 Metadata update
2.1 Metadata last certified 10.09.2021
2.2 Metadata last posted 10.09.2021
2.3 Metadata last update 10.09.2021
3 Statistical presentation
3.1 Data description Foreign trade includes those data that are related to export and import volumes. Export and import statistics are maintained according to the breakdown by countries of CIS, EU and the rest of the world and by goods. Detailed statistics on goods’ trade are received and disseminated on a monthly basis. Statistical value and net weight of goods are the main indicators for all goods. Based on these data, price indices and other indicators of foreign trade statistics are compiled.
3.2 Classification system •Commodity Nomenclature of Foreign Economic Activity (CN FEA) of Eurasian Economic Union (EAEU) (EAEU CN FEA) at 2-digit, 4-digit and 10-digit levels, (Russian)
3.3 Sector coverage The purpose of maintaining foreign trade statistics is to provide users with the information on goods imported into the economic territory of the Republic of Armenia or exported from the Republic of Armenia, that form the country's trade turnover.
3.4 Statistical concepts and definitions Exports are goods exported from the Republic of Armenia to other countries’ economic territories for free circulation, which reduce the stores of country's material resources. The goods are considered exported at that time, when they are exported from the economic territory of the country.
Export volumes include both domestically produced and re-exported goods of foreign production, and import volumes include goods of foreign production which were imported for consumption and re-export within the country. Export volumes are calculated at FOB prices.
The FOB value of goods includes the value of the goods and the services that are provided to the border of the exporting country, after which all expenses and risks fall on the buyer.
Imports are goods imported for free circulation in the economic territory of the Republic of Armenia, which increase the stores of country's material resources. The goods are considered imported at the moment when they are imported into the economic territory of the country. Import volumes are calculated at CIF prices.
The CIF value of the goods includes the FOB value of the goods and the value of the services that are provided from the border of the country to the border of the importing country, that is, all expenses and risks before the border of the importing country fall on the seller. Characteristic features of partner countries are important during import, these are the definition of a partner country according to the country of origin of the goods, the definition of a partner country according to the delivery of goods (according to the exporting country), the definition of a partner country according to the purchase of a contracting country (according to the trading country). For determining the definition of a partner country according to the origin of goods is taken into account the following basic principle: fully produced, received in a given country. For determining the definition of a partner country according to the delivery of goods is taken into account the following basic principle: from which country the goods are delivered directly. For determining the definition of a partner country according to the purchase of a contracting country is taken into account the following basic principle: which country’s resident the buyer is dealing with. Export and import volumes do not include monetary gold, coins, bank-notes and securities in circulation, transit goods, exported and imported goods under operational lease, goods delivered or received in territorial enclaves.
3.5 Statistical unit The main statistical units for maintaining foreign trade statistics are the customs declarations, RA legal entities, which complete the Statistical form on registration of goods transportation and RA physical persons, which complete the customs declarations.
3.6 Statistical population The goods that have been imported or exported across the country's border to the economic territories of other countries or to the economic territory of the Republic of Armenia for free circulation, including for manufacturing, which reduce or increase the stocks of country's material resources. Information on goods is provided by legal or pysical persons.
3.7 Reference area Republic of Armenia
3.8 Time coverage Foreign trade indicators have been calculated on a monthly basis since 1995.
3.9 Base period Corresponding month of the previous year.
4 Unit of measure Foreign Trade Information System allows to choose the value in AMD and USD. The information system also contains data on the net weight of the goods in kilograms, as well as on the quantity of the additional unit of the goods (For example, liter, gram, m², m³, piece , etc.) according to the EAEU CN FEA.
5 Reference period Month
6 Institutional mandate
6.1 Legal acts and other agreements RA Law On Official Statistics
Five Year Statistical Program
• Annual Statistical Program, Armenian
• Resolution N 05-N dated 20 June 2016 of the State Council on Statistics “On Approval of the Procedure for the collection of statistical data”. Armenian
6.2 Data sharing International Organizations: UN, Eurostat, International Monetary Fund, Asian Development Bank, Join Organizations Data Initiative, British Petroleum Organization, International Sugar Organization, International Energy Agency, Eurasian Economic Commission, CIS Interstate Statistical Committee, etc.
•National Authorities: the Central Bank, Agreement (01.02.2010).
7 Confidentiality
7.1 Confidentiality - policy RA Law Օn Official Statistics, Chapter 7. Statistical Confidentiality,
• RA Law Օn Official Statistics, Chapter 1. General provisions, Article 4. Main Definitions Used in the Law, Item 6), Individual data: any information characterizing the statistical unit that allows or can allow to directly or indirectly identify it
• RA Law Օn Official Statistics, Chapter 2. Fundamental Principles of Official Statistics, Article 6. Fundamental Principles of Official Statistics, Item 6), Statistical confidentiality and exclusive use for statistical purposes: individual data collected or obtained by Producers of Official Statistics that refer to natural or legal persons are to be strictly confidential and used exclusively for statistical purposes .
7.2 Confidentiality - data treatment RA Law Օn Official Statistics, Chapter 7. Statistical Confidentiality,
• RA Law Օn Official Statistics, Chapter 1. General provisions, Article 4. Main Definitions Used in the Law, Item 6), Individual data: any information characterizing the statistical unit that allows or can allow to directly or indirectly identify it
• RA Law Օn Official Statistics, Chapter 2. Fundamental Principles of Official Statistics, Article 6. Fundamental Principles of Official Statistics, Item 6), Statistical confidentiality and exclusive use for statistical purposes: individual data collected or obtained by Producers of Official Statistics that refer to natural or legal persons are to be strictly confidential and used exclusively for statistical purposes .
8 Release policy
8.1 Release calendar Armstat's Statistical Indicators Release Calendar includes in advance when the statistics should be published during the year, by months, and includes a list of planned indicators. The foreign trade indicators of the reference month are published on the 25/27 working day of the month following the reference month.
8.2 Release calendar access https://www.armstat.am/en/?nid=33
8.3 User access All users have equal access to statistical releases at the same time. Any privileged pre-release access for any external user is restricted and controlled. In case of a formal request for information on non-published indicators by users of statistical information, additional indicators are calculated and provided to them as much as possible, while maintaining the principle of confidentiality over statistical information.
Indicators of foreign trade are published on Armstat's website under section Foreign sector according to the annual statistical program and the European Statistics Code of Practice (adopted on 16 November 2017, ), respecting scientific independence and in an objective, professional and transparent manner in which all users are treated equitably.
9 Frequency of dissemination Monthly
10 Accessibility and clarity
10.1 News release •Current-operative preliminary main macro-economic indicators characterizing the socio-economic situation of RA, on the 25/27 working day of each month, , (Armenian, English and Russian).
10.2 Publications • Statistical Yearbook of Armenia (Armenian, English, Russian).
• Armenia in Figures, Annual Statistical Handbook (Armenian, English)
• The Socio-economic Situation of the Republic of Armenia, Monthly Information Report (Armenian և Russian)
Foreign Trade of the Republic of Armenia (According to the EAEU Commodity Nomenclature of Foreign Economic Activity at 2-digit level) (Armenian, English)
Foreign Trade of the Republic of Armenia (According to the EAEU Commodity Nomenclature of Foreign Economic Activity at 4-digit level) (Armenian, English)
Foreign Trade of the Republic of Armenia (According to the EAEU Commodity Nomenclature of Foreign Economic Activity at 8-digit level) (Armenian, English)
Foreign Trade of the Republic of Armenia (According to the EAEU Commodity Nomenclature of Foreign Economic Activity at 8-digit level) (Armenian, English)
Electronic publications
10.3 On-line database Monthly and annual indicators of foreign trade of goods are available at
http://armstatbank.am/,
https://www.armstat.am/en/?nid=160.
10.4 Micro-data access Law on Official Statistics, Chapter 7. Statistical Confidentiality, Article 26. Access to Confidential Data for Research Purposes. For research purposes, based on the application submitted by the researchers to Armstat and by the decision of the State Council, data containing statistical confidentiality may, in exceptional cases, be provided or published by Armstat in the anonymous form, not allowing direct or indirect disclosure of individual data. The data is used exclusively for research purposes, cannot be transmitted to other persons, cannot be published in the any anonymous form at the individual level and cannot be compared with the individual data obtained from other sources, all sources of instructional materials are mentioned, and those anonymous data are destroyed after the surveys. The provision of non-disclosure or other non-dissemination of information does not apply in case, when they, in accordance with the legislation of the Republic of Armenia, are the information reflecting natural or other monopoly activity, non-disclosure (non-dissemination) of which will have a major impact on maintaining the principles of statistical information completeness.
10.5 Other Information service on request is also provided according to the Information Dissemination and Communication Policy of Armstat.
10.6 Documentation on methodology The methodology of foreign trade of goods was developed by the United Nations, on the basis of which the foreign trade statistics is being maintained. Based on the fact that since 2015 the Republic of Armenia is a member of the Eurasian Economic Union, the calculations of foreign and mutual trade indicators of goods are implemented in accordance with the methodologies of customs statistics of foreign trade of goods of EAEU member states, methodologies of mutual trade statistics of goods of EAEU member states, as well as the methods of developing the foreign and mutual trade statistics of goods of Eurasian Economic Union, that have been developed based on the UN Manual on “International Merchandise Trade Statistics: Concepts and Definitions, 2010”. Quality declarations:
Trade of goods according to CIS and other countries of the world
Trade of goods by groups of goods
Import of energy resources
General statistical business process model – Foreign and mutual trade statistics
10.7 Quality documentation https://www.armstat.am/file/Qualitydec/en/21.1.pdf
https://www.armstat.am/file/Qualitydec/en/21.2.pdf
https://www.armstat.am/file/Qualitydec/en/21.3.pdf
https://www.armstat.am/file/model/en/21.1.pdf
11 Quality management
11.1 Quality assurance RA Law Օn Official Statistics, Chapter 8. Quality of Official Statistics,, Article 29. Quality Commitment, Article 30. Quality Assessment,
Quality Policy of Armstat that is based on the the European Statistics Code of Practice (approved by the Resolution № 17-A of the State Council on Statistics of RA dated 20 June 2016),
Quality Asurance Framework of the European Statistical System, Version 2.0 (Approved by the Resolution № 23-A of the State Council on Statistics of RA dated 16 July 2020),
Quality declarations on the foreign trade of goods,
https://www.armstat.am/file/Qualitydec/en/21.1.pdf
https://www.armstat.am/file/Qualitydec/en/21.2.pdf
https://www.armstat.am/file/Qualitydec/en/21.3.pdf
General statistical business process model -Foreign and mutual trade statistics,
11.2 Quality assessment Armstat uses quality assessment procedures, such as user satisfaction survey, self-assessment, global assessment, peer review, etc.
User satisfaction survey questionnaire,
•Armstat has developed a self-assessment questionnaire against the indicators in the ESS Code of Practice, based on the experience of Statistics Denmark,
Global Assessment of the National System of Official Statistics of the Republic of Armenia,
Light Peer Review on the Implementation of the European Statistics Code of Practice in the Republic of Armenia,
Peer Review of Armstat and Armenian Official Statistics,
12 Relevance
12.1 User needs The main users of statistical information are public administration and local self-government bodies, public, scientific-educational, financial organizations, business community, mass media, international organizations, etc. The need to conduct the foreign trade statistics of goods is conditioned, first of all, to receive summary data on the trade turnover with CIS and other countries of the world, to use it to compile the balance of payments of the Republic of Armenia, as well as to provide users with the constantly growing demand with the necessary information on the export and import volumes by separate countries .
The users of the information are: RA Central Bank. RA Ministry of Finance, RA Ministry of Economy, RA Ministry of Territorial Administration and Infrastructure, Eurostat, UN, higher education institutions, scientific research institutes, representatives of the press and the society in general, as well as Armstat's Macroeconomic Indicators and National Accounts Division and subject matter divisions.
12.2 User satisfaction Users needs are studied through discussions, consultations, comments on draft statistical programs, and through the
User Satisfaction Survey questionnaire
User's Survey
Frequently Asked Questions.
The annual statistical program of Armstat is developed based on the study of the demand of statistical information users.
12.3 Completeness Accessilibility to the completeness of information on the foreign trade of goods is ensured in accordance with the work of the annual statistical programs.
13 Accuracy and reliability
13.1 Overall accuracy Data collection is implemented on the basis of the customs declarations of legal entities received from the Customs Service of the State Revenue Committee of RA Statistical form on registration of goods transportation, on information on trade organized by physical persons, on a monthly basis.The main source of error that may affect the accuracy of the data is the late submission or non-submission of the Statistical form on registration of goods transportation. That is why the information is reviewed on a monthly basis.
13.2 Sampling error Foreign trade statistics is based on customs declarations, on Statistical form on registration of goods transportation, on declarations submitted by physical persons , so there is no sampling for maintaining foreign trade statistics.
13.3 Non-sampling error Probability of data processing/ editing error.
14 Timeliness and punctuality
14.1 Timeliness Information on foreign and mutual trade is published on the 35th / 36th working day following the reference period.
14.2 Punctuality Data are always presented and published on the pre-announced release dates. Information on indicators of foreign and mutual trade is submitted to the cental office of Armstat in the period from 23 to 25. The first publication takes place on the 5th working day of the following month.
15 Coherence and comparability
15.1 Comparability - geographical Statistical information is comparable throughout the EAEU.
15.2 Comparability - over time It is difficult to assess exactly the impact of various methodological and practical changes in the recent years (EAEU membership, changes in legislation, changes in goods names, etc.) . In particular, the membership of a new country to the EAEU may cause comparability problems over time, as it implies a change in the structure of administrative data for the member country.
15.3 Coherence - cross domain Information on the foreign trade's flows is used in the national accounts and the balance of payments.
15.4 Coherence - internal The summary information on foreign trade is obtained on the basis of more detailed data and classifications of different goods, which ensures the internal consistency.
16 Cost and burden Not applicable.
17 Data revision
17.1 Data revision - policy The data of the previous months are reviewed every month. The final data for the given year are published in July of the following year.The revisions of the previous years are implemented only if there is a need to review the data among the EAEU member states when making mirror comparisons.
17.2 Data revision - practice See S.17.1
18 Statistical processing
18.1 Source data The source of data is the customs statistics.
18.2 Frequency of data collection Monthly
18.3 Data collection Data collection is implemented on the basis of customs declarations submitted by the legal entities received from the Customs Service of the State Revenue Committee of RA, Statistical form on registration of goods transportation, trade organized by physical persons, as well as information from the Ministry of Territorial Administration and Infrastructure of RA and energy sector organizations.
18.4 Data validation When the statistical information is received, the statistical indicators are subject to computer processing. the statistical indicators are subject to completeness and logical checking, and, if necessary, the necessary adjustments of the indicators are implemented by contacting the corresponding body that provided the information.
18.5 Data compilation When the statistical information is received, the data editing is implemented, in the result of which the monetary gold, coins, bank-notes and securities in circulation, transit goods, exported and imported goods under operational lease, goods delivered or received in territorial enclaves are excluded from the volumes of export and import.
18.6 Adjustment There is no specific quantitative measurements related to the general accuracy.
19 Comment

Download in SDMX 2.1 file format: SDMX-ESMS-Foreign trade
Metadata Structure Definition in SDMX 2.1: ESMS_MSD+ARMSTAT+2.0+SDMX.2.1.xml