ESS Standard for Quality Reports Structure (ESQRS)

Turnover indices of trade


1 Contact
1.1 Contact organisation Armstat
1.2 Contact organisation unit Trade and Other Services Statistics Division
1.3 Contact name Anahit Harutyunyan
1.4 Contact person function Head of Division
1.5 Contact mail address Government Building 3, Republic ave., Yerevan 0010, Republic of Armenia
1.6 Contact email address trade@armstat.am
1.7 Contact phone number +374 11 587623
1.8 Contact fax number +374 11 521921
2 Statistical presentation
2.1 Data description Trade turnover includes retail trade turnover, wholesale trade turnover and motor vehicles trade. Turnover value volume index (at current prices) and turnover physical volume index (at comparable prices) are used for calculation of the indicators dynamics.
Turnover value volume index at current prices describes the change in turnover due to two factors: the number of goods sold and the price change. This index is calculated by simply comparing the turnover of the reference period with the turnover of the base period (at current prices) which is:
I = (O1 / Οο x 100), where as
O1 , Οο - are trade turnovers correspondingly for reference and base periods at current prices.
Turnover physical volume index describes the change of turnover as a result of physical volume changes, excluding the influence of price change. In order to calculate the turnover physical volume index, the turnover of the reference and base periods is compared at comparable prices, i.e. with the prices of the same period.
IФО = (O1 / I Д x 100) / Οο, where ΙΦΟ – is the trade turnover physical volume index,
O1 , Οο– are trade turnovers, correspondingly for reference and base periods at current prices. I Д– Consumer Price Index (CPI) for products in comparison of the reference period with the base period.
Information on trade turnover indices is available at the following links:
https://www.armstat.am/en/?nid=81&pthid=other&year=&submit=%D5%93%D5%B6%D5%BF%D6%80%D5%A5%D5%AC
https://www.armstat.am/en/?nid=586
https://www.armstat.am/en/?nid=173
https://www.armstat.am/en/?nid=674
2.2 Classification system • Classification of Economic Activities, (NACE Rev. 2), (Armenian)
• Classification of wholesale and retail trade services, car and motorcycle repair services (9-digit level) (Armenian)
• Classification of Division of administrative-territorial units (Armenian)
2.3 Sector coverage Trade turnover is calculated according to NACE Rev. 2 and includes section G: 'Wholesale and retail trade, repair of motor vehicles and motorcycles.'
2.4 Statistical concepts and definitions Retail trade turnover is the sale of consumer commodities for final consumption or for household use in value terms. The retail trade turnover index is formed by trade facilities - shops, kiosks, other trade buildings (retail trade shops for motor and domestic fuel), as well as by trade realization places based on the trade turnover from consumer goods and agricultural products market.
Wholesale trade is the type (activity) of trade, when the buyer purchases a large quantity of goods for further resale to other sellers, manufacturers, but not to the final consumers, by relevent invoices. Indicator of wholesale trade turnover also includes the export volumes (excluding the direct export by the producers, as well as gas and electricity export).
Motor vehicles trade includes both the sale of motor vehicles, their parts and accessories, and maintenance and repair of motor vehicles via specialised trade units.
Trade turnover includes all taxes, except for the value added tax and other indirect taxes.
2.5 Statistical unit Economic entity operating in the field of trade.
2.6 Statistical population The statistical business register is used to form the general population of trade statistics. The design of the general population is implemented to provide complete information regarding the sphere of trade. For this purpose,the information on the fact of activity of previously known organizations in the field is obtained from all possible sources, which is immediately followed by the notification of these organizations to be included in the field of statistical observation, and then the relevant statistical information is collected.
2.7 Reference area All marzes of the Republic of Armenia and Yerevan city.
2.8 Time coverage Indicators have been recorded since the 1920s.Statistics are comparable over a reasonable period of time. The indices of trade turnover are calculated on a monthly basis.
2.9 Base period Previous period
3 Statistical processing
3.1 Source data The information sources for the calculation of indicators are information collected from legal persons and individual entrepreneurs by statistical reporting form on monthly basis on trade turnover as well as the information on consumption goods price indices received from the Price Statistics and International Comparisons Division of Armstat.
3.2 Frequency of data collection Monthly
3.3 Data collection Statistical data collection is carried out by the relevant structural-territorial subdivisions of Armstat`s regional and Yerevan City departments` by hand, mail and electronic system according to the Resolution No. 05-N. dated 20.06.2016 of the State Council on Statistics 'On Approving the Procedure for Collection of Statistical Data'.
Statistical data collection is carried out through the following forms of statistical reports. (Armenian)
• Form 1-trade (monthly) “On trade turnover”
• Form 1-market (monthly) “On registration of trade outlets in consumer goods and agricultural products markets”
• Form 1 –Registration (quarterly) “General informations on trade facilities”(Armenian).
3.4 Data validation The collected information is entered into an electronic environment after arithmetic and logical verification. The input of information is carried out mechanically, as well as by direct input of information to the electronic environment. There are methodological guidelines and instructions needed to verify the information (Armenian).
The methodological requirements to the received indicators are strictly followed during the whole process of indicators receiving according to the pre-defined classifications, methodological guidelines and the instruction on completing the forms of statistical reports. Output data are compared with the previous month (period) of the last year. The study of differences between the data is carried out .
3.5 Data compilation Input software (Microsoft Office Access) has necessary tools for arithmetical and logical checks of input data, systems for checking the sum total, logical chains, organizations’ registration, identification and tax codes compliance and other automated checks ‘systems.
Based on the information of the electronic database, summary data are obtained by separate statistical indicators.
3.6 Adjustment The source of inaccuracies during the observation could be the incomplete or full absence of responses by information providers, as well as the use of incorrect methodology for calculating indicators, inaccuracies of information available in the business register (incorrect determination of the type of activity or its change during the year), etc.The completion of the missing data is implemented using the data on the indicator presented for the previous period in case of the lack of the alternative information on them. The completed data in case of being available for the next periods is subject to adjustment.
In order to ensure the accuracy, completeness and quality of the indicators, they are compared using the information from the business register, as well as the information provided by the RA State Revenue Committee as a source of administrative information.
In case of changes or adjustments to the information provided by statistical information providers, the indicators already published by Armstat are subject to relevant changes and adjustments following the national and international standards.
4 Quality management
4.1 Quality assurance RA Law 'Օn Official Statistics', Chapter 8. Quality of Official Statistics,, Article 29. Quality Commitment, Article 30. Quality Assessment,
Quality Policy of Armstat that is based on the the European Statistics Code of Practice (approved by the Resolution № 17-A of the State Council on Statistics of RA dated 20 June 2016),
Quality Asurance Framework of the European Statistical System, Version 2.0 (Approved by the Resolution № 23-A of the State Council on Statistics of RA dated 16 July 2020),
• Quality declarations
https://www.armstat.am/file/Qualitydec/eng/17.1.pdf,
https://www.armstat.am/file/Qualitydec/eng/17.2.pdf,
https://www.armstat.am/file/Qualitydec/eng/17.3.pdf
Generic Statistical Business Process Model (GSBPM, VERSION 5.0), (Approved by the Resolution № 30-A of the State Council on Statistics of RA dated 21 October 2016),
Schematic diagrams of GSBPM.
4.2 Quality assessment Armstat uses quality assessment procedures, such as user satisfaction survey, self-assessment, global assessment, light peer review, peer review, etc.
User satisfaction survey questionnaire,
•Armstat has developed a self-assessment questionnaire against the indicators in the ESS Code of Practice, based on the experience of Statistics Denmark,
Global Assessment of the National System of Official Statistics of the Republic of Armenia,
Light Peer Review on the Implementation of the European Statistics Code of Practice in the Republic of Armenia
Peer Review of Armstat and Armenian Official Statistics.
5 Relevance
5.1 User needs The main users of statistical information are public administration and local self-government bodies, public, scientific-educational, financial organizations, business community, mass media, international organizations, etc. Indices of trade turnover are used for the purpose of developing strategies in the field of trade, solving strategic issues, analyzing the business environment, identifying development trends, etc.
5.2 User satisfaction Users needs are studied through discussions, consultations, comments on draft statistical programs, and through the
'User Satisfaction Survey' questionnaire available on Armstat website.
'User's Survey.'
Frequently Asked Questions.
5.3 Completeness The indices of trade turnover are calculated on a monthly, quarterly, semiannual and annual basis. the reference month to the previous year's corresponding month, reference month to the previous month, reference quarter to the previous year’s corresponding quarter, reference quarter to the previous quarter, reference semester to the corresponding semester of previous year, reference year compared to the previous year. The calculation of the obtained indicators is used for the construction of time series.
5.3.1 Data completeness - rate Statistics is 100% produced according to the statistical programs.
6 Accuracy and reliability
6.1 Overall accuracy For the calculation of the trade turnover, monthly reports are collected from those economic entities of RA Marzes and the Yerevan City (legal entities and individual entrepreneurs), whose last year turnover was more than 24 million drams. In case of having an annual turnover of less than 24 million drams by the results of the previous year, the collection of reports from the respondents is being stopped. The basis for updating the database is the constantly updated database of the business register. The annual database of economic entities in the field of monitoring of the unit is compared with the administrative database of the RA State Revenue Committee and the supplement of missing data is implemented.
6.2 Sampling error Not applicable.
6.2.1 Sampling errors - indicators Not applicable.
6.3 Non-sampling error Armstat tries to reduce non-sampling errors through continuous methodological improvements and statistical processes improvements, which could help to avoid coding and data entry errors.
6.3.1 Coverage error Not applicable.
6.3.1.1 Over-coverage - rate Not applicable.
6.3.1.2 Common units - proportion Not applicable.
6.3.2 Measurement error Not applicable.
6.3.3 Non response error The source of inaccuracies during the observation could be the lack of responses from information providers, inaccuracies in the information available in the business register (incorrect determination of the type of activity or its change during the year), etc. Missing information is supplemented by data on indicators provided for the previous period, in the case of absence of alternative information on them. The supplemented information is subject to adjustment in case of availability of data in the following period.
6.3.3.1 Unit non-response - rate Not applicable.
6.3.3.2 Item non-response - rate Not applicable.
6.3.4 Processing error A software system for entering reports has been developed to control the miscalculation of indicators.Logical controls are implemented in the software to minimise/eliminate the processing errors.
6.3.4.1 Imputation - rate The completion of the missing data is implemented using the data on the indicator presented for the previous period in case of the lack of the alternative information on them. The completed data in case of being available for the next periods is subject to adjustment.
6.3.5 Model assumption error Not applicable.
6.4 Seasonal adjustment Not applicable.
6.5 Data revision - policy The data revision policy and error correction process are described in Armstat`s 'Information dissemination and communication policy' document.
6.6 Data revision - practice Incomplete or distorted information is verified, as well as incorrectly coded information is matched to the requirements of pre-approved classifications. As needed, the validation of relevant codes on registration in the tax bodies, identification, registration of organizations in state register is implemented using the data provided by the business register maintained by Armstat and by the body of the RA Ministry of Justice implementing state registration of legal entities being used as an administrative data source.
6.6.1 Data revision - average size Revision of trade turnover indices can be performed in case of technical errors (incorrect input, unforeseen software problems in calculations, etc.).The recalculated indicators are published with the appropriate note. Preliminary data are revised on the basis of adjustments provided by entities or other verifications.
7 Timeliness and punctuality
7.1 Timeliness There is compliance with international standards on timeliness. The release calendar is published with all the statistics for which the standards of timeliness are set by European regulations. Data are published according to the schedule of annual statistical programs publication and no delays from defined deadlines have been recorded.
7.1.1 Time lag - first results The data published for the first time are considered preliminary. The monthly operative data on total trade are published on the 25th day following the reference period. The first monthly publication on total trade, retail, wholesale, motor vehicles trade is on the 35/36th day following the reporting period.
7.1.2 Time lag - final results Final data are presented in annual publications.
7.2 Punctuality The standard day time for the trade statistics is made public. Release policy is defined and published. Release policy defines various types of publications and their respective release procedures. The releases are published at the standard day time. The data are published in accordance with the schedule of publication of annual programs and no delays have been reported.
7.2.1 Punctuality - delivery and publication Not applicable.
8 Coherence and comparability
8.1 Comparability - geographical Geographical comparability is maintained, following common methodologies.
8.1.1 Asymmetry for mirror flows statistics - coefficient Not applicable.
8.2 Comparability - over time Untill 2004 the data were presented according to the All Union Classification of Types of Economic Activities. From 2005 the data are presented according to Armenian Classification of Economic Activities (developed based on the Eurostat's NACE Classification of Economic Activites ), based on which the indicators for 2001-2004 were recalculated. Starting from 2010 NACE Rev. 2 is being used.
8.2.1 Length of comparable time series Since 2001onwards.
8.3 Coherence - cross domain Statistics from the different data sources are compared and reconciled. The annual adjustments and supplements are implemented by comparing the database of economic entities in the field of monitoring of the Division with the administrative database of the RA State Revenue Committee.
8.4 Coherence - sub annual and annual statistics The indicators calculated on a monthly basis are operative, which are subject to further adjustment and the annual indicators are adjusted, in some cases, they may not correspond to the monthly data. These differences are explained by the different dates of provisions and the regular adjustments in the accounting documents.
8.5 Coherence- National Accounts Statistics is coherent with national accounts.
8.6 Coherence - internal There is an internal coherence.
9 Accessibility and clarity
9.1 News release Current-operative preliminary main macro-economic indicators characterizing the socio-economic situation of RA, Monthly Bulletin (Armenian, Russian, English)
9.2 Publications Statistical Yearbook of Armenia (Armenian, English,Russian)
Marzes of the Republic of Armenia and Yerevan city in figures, Annual Statistical Handbook (Armenian, English),
Marzes of the Republic of Armenia and Yerevan city in figures, Annual Statistical Handbook (Armenian, English)
The Socio-economic Situation of the Republic of Armenia, Monthly Information Report (Armenian, Russian),
Trade and Services of the Republic of Armenia, Statistical Handbook, every 5 years (Armenian, English,Russian).
Electronic publications
9.3 On-line database Information on Trade turnover is posted annually in the , ArmStatBank database.
9.3.1 Data tables - consultations Not applicable.
9.4 Micro-data access RA Law 'on Official Statistics', Chapter 7. Statistical Confidentiality, Article 26. Access to Confidential Data for Research Purposes. For research purposes, based on the application submitted by the researchers to Armstat and by the decision of the State Council on Statistics, data containing statistical confidentiality may, in exceptional cases, be provided or published by Armstat in the anonymous form, not allowing direct or indirect disclosure of individual data.
The data is used exclusively for research purposes, cannot be transmitted to other persons, cannot be published in the any anonymous form at the individual level and cannot be compared with the individual data obtained from other sources, all sources of instructional materials are mentioned, and those anonymous data are destroyed after the surveys. The provision of non-disclosure or other non-dissemination of information does not apply in case, when they, in accordance with the legislation of the Republic of Armenia, are the information reflecting natural or other monopoly activity, non-disclosure (non-dissemination) of which will have a major impact on maintaining the principles of statistical information completeness.
9.5 Other Information service on request is also provided according to the 'Information Dissemination and Communication Policy' of Armstat.
9.6 Documentation on methodology Armstat follows international standards, methodological guidelines and best practices in trade statistics. The relevant classifications are set out in the legal acts. Trade statistics methodological framework is documented in the instructions to fill in forms of statistical reports, relevant Quality declarations, the General Statistical Business Process Model (GSBPM) and in the 'pool model' of the GSBPM as a visualization tool, in the relevant section of the statistical official publications.
9.7 Quality documentation https://www.armstat.am/file/Qualitydec/eng/17.1.pdf
https://www.armstat.am/file/Qualitydec/eng/17.2.pdf
https://www.armstat.am/file/Qualitydec/eng/17.3.pdf
https://www.armstat.am/file/model/en/17.1.pdf
9.7.1 Metadata completeness – rate Not applicable.
9.7.2 Metadata - consultations Not applicable.
10 Cost and burden Not applicable.
11 Confidentiality
11.1 Confidentiality - policy RA Law 'Օn Official Statistics', Chapter 7. Statistical Confidentiality,
• RA Law 'Օn Official Statistics', Chapter 1. General provisions, Article 4. Main Definitions Used in the Law, Item 6), 'Individual data: any information characterizing the statistical unit that allows or can allow to directly or indirectly identify it'
• RA Law 'Օn Official Statistics', Chapter 2. Fundamental Principles of Official Statistics, Article 6. Fundamental Principles of Official Statistics, Item 6), 'Statistical confidentiality and exclusive use for statistical purposes: individual data collected or obtained by Producers of Official Statistics that refer to natural or legal persons are to be strictly confidential and used exclusively for statistical purposes' .
11.2 Confidentiality - data treatment RA Law 'Օn Official Statistics', Chapter 7. Statistical Confidentiality,
• RA Law 'Օn Official Statistics', Chapter 1. General provisions, Article 4. Main Definitions Used in the Law, Item 6), 'Individual data: any information characterizing the statistical unit that allows or can allow to directly or indirectly identify it'
• RA Law 'Օn Official Statistics', Chapter 2. Fundamental Principles of Official Statistics, Article 6. Fundamental Principles of Official Statistics, Item 6), 'Statistical confidentiality and exclusive use for statistical purposes: individual data collected or obtained by Producers of Official Statistics that refer to natural or legal persons are to be strictly confidential and used exclusively for statistical purposes'.
12 Comment

Download in SDMX 2.1 file format: SDMX-ESQRS-Turnover indices of trade
Metadata Structure Definition in SDMX 2.1: SDMX-ESQRS-MSD